发人深思的博物馆建筑

Image copyright Alamy博物馆让我们贴近历史和艺术,但在不同程度上,博物馆的外形本身,也通过其设计和建筑来实现使命,传承遗产。或许在近代历史上,还没有哪座博物馆像位于华盛顿特区的非洲裔美国人历史与文化国家博物馆(National Museum of African American History and Culture)的创立那样令人兴奋,或者像它那样通过文化带来如此巨大的反响。就在美国的黑人历史月(Black History Month)之前,这座博物馆获得了伦敦设计博物馆(Design Museum)颁发的比兹利年度设计大奖(Beazley Design of the Year Award)。自2016年开馆以来,这里已接待了250多万名游客,门票现在仍然需要提前几个月预订。这家博物馆由美国国会于2003年创立,最早来这个独一无二的机构的参观者中,包括时任总统的奥巴马(Barack Obama),他说,”希望这个博物馆能够帮助我们彼此交流。更重要的是,倾听彼此。而最重要的是,看到彼此——黑人、白人、拉丁裔和美国原住民,以及亚裔美国人,看看我们的故事是如何结合在一起的。”Image copyright Alamy Image caption 非洲裔美国人历史与文化国家博物馆的外表覆以青铜色的格栅铝板,以此向制铁行业的非裔美国人致敬。博物馆不是物品凭空存在的中立空间。有些博物馆试图隐藏自己,仅仅用作展示历史文物和艺术品的垫座或者墙壁。但展出作品的分量,以及博物馆建筑本身的故事是无法回避的。参观世界各地的博物馆,你会发现,从表面上看,德国科隆与美国芝加哥的现代艺术博物馆并无太大不同——这里有同样的大牌艺术家,布展也大同小异。但幸亏,还有一些像非洲裔美国人历史与文化国家博物馆这样的地方,正在挑战过时的博物馆学说。Image copyright Alamy Image caption 该馆收藏了非裔美国人历史上一些具有重要意义的物品,包括黑人女星莉娜•霍恩(Lena Horne)戴过的这两个袖扣手镯。该馆坐落在白宫和美国国会大厦同一视野范围内,由首席设计师阿贾耶(David Adjaye)和首席建筑师弗里隆(Philip Freelon)共同建造。根据他们的设想,这座建筑要反映奴隶制、民权运动和黑人大迁徙的文化遗产。当然也是为了通往更美好的未来而建——这是史密森学会第一个获得了能源与环境设计先锋奖(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design,Leed)可持续性’黄金’级认证的博物馆。正如《洛杉矶时报》的建筑评论员霍索恩(Christopher Hawthorne)在一篇评论文章的标题中所言,这个博物馆是”对华盛顿传统建筑的大胆挑战”。Image copyright Alamy Image caption 除了非洲裔美国人历史与文化国家博物馆,挪威首都奥斯陆的诺贝尔和平中心(Nobel Peace Center)也是阿贾耶的设计。”这座博物馆是史密森学会旗下的新单位,位于白宫以南三个街区外。不管作为文化机构还是建筑作品,它都承载着标示奴隶贸易的源起和历史的职责,并启示着现代非裔美国人的遭遇,”霍索恩写道。Image copyright Alamy Image caption 在被炸毁的原天主教堂废墟的映衬下,科隆柯伦巴艺术博物馆(Kolumba Museum)的时尚现代主义风格愈加突出阿贾耶说,设计这个冠状三层结构的灵感来自西非约鲁巴艺术中皇冠的形状;阿贾耶在多个非洲国家长大(他去过全部54个非洲国家),目前主要居住在伦敦。整栋建筑覆以青铜色的格栅铝板,意指非洲奴隶在美国南部创造出的铁艺。此外,作为非裔美国人历史的悲剧象征,博物馆的展览空间近一半在地下,几代人的故事都埋在那里。前卫的天主教穿过大西洋,还有一个有着截然不同愿景的博物馆,也在鼓励游客去深刻反思、去敬畏。科隆主教区柯伦巴艺术博物馆(Kolumba Art Museum of the […]

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Sadie Dupuis And The Return Of Speedy Ortiz

‘”Dupuis had recently finished recording the third album with her band Speedy Ortiz. Some other people noticed her band as well, and Speedy Ortiz started to make some actual money on the road, which was a nice change of pace. And then Speedy Ortiz were offered a chance to tour with Stephen Malkmus And The […]

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IN RE ARCHDIOCESE OF SAINT PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS

3 The Complaint argues the Archdiocese has “direct control and supervision in all material aspects” of the Targeted Entities, and, therefore, the assets of the Targeted Entities should be treated as the assets of the Archdiocese. According to the Complaint, parish corporations typically adopt and file uniform articles of incorporation and bylaws as provided by […]

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The Art of Listening

Her search led Mahoney to the CONA Foundation, where Ookerjee’s collection is currently housed inside a large wooden cabinet. They don’t restrict their activities to painting and sculpture and are welcoming to all forms of art. Mihir Wairkar, who is working as an Artist Researcher on the Ookerjee collection project and was one of the […]

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Where's mum? Three bear cubs rescued in Bulgaria

Three bear cubs have been rescued in Bulgaria after villagers found them roaming alone on a road in the country’s southern Rhodope mountains, the Four Paws animal charity said Monday. Read also: Rumble in the jungle: mother bear fights off Indian tigerAnimal carers started feeding them goat’s milk and vitamins while keeping up the search […]

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Cannes Classics 2018

Cannes Classics Cannes Classics 2018All the screenings will be introduced either by directors, artists or specialists in charge of the restorations either by professionals from the archive world or cinematheques. All the Cannes Classics FilmsBeating Heart (Battement de cœur) by Henri Decoin (1939, 1h37, France)2K Restoration presented by Gaumont in association with the CNC. Digital […]

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Christmas in April Rebuilding Day arriving soon

By Rhea-Frances TetleyRebuilding Together Day, also known as “Christmas in April,” will be occurring mountain-wide on the last Saturday of April. Last month, contractor Wayne Palmer, president of Rebuilding Together Mountain Communities, was presented with a check for $15,000 from the Archstone Foundation for materials to be used during Rebuilding Day and the other emergency […]

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Lost Anthony Burgess essays reveal his hidden inspirations

Previously unpublished essays by Anthony Burgess have been discovered almost 25 years after his death. The writings cover a range of subjects, including Metropolis, Fritz Lang’s classic 1927 film, and fellow writers Ernest Hemingway and JB Priestley. Some of the material was discovered in the archives of the International Anthony Burgess Foundation, an educational charity […]

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